The points that distinguish the ideas expressed in the Classical School from other schools is the criteria for measuring crimes.
The points that distinguish the ideas expressed in the Classical School from other schools is the criteria for measuring crimes.Opposed to taking “intent” into consideration when measuring a crime, Beccaria states that it is the actions of the individual that is of upmost importance.In order to create a fair and just criminal justice system, laws and penalties have to be clearly stated.Tags: Point-By-Point EssayDissertation Controle Juridictionnel Police AdministrativePaleo Diet Research PaperMunicipal Police Officer Cover LetterMusic And Culture Essay2007 Ap Psychology Essay SchizophreniaDeath EssayWriting An Argumentative Essay ExampleProject Assignment
In Beccaria’s Essays on Crimes and Punishment, we can see how the ultimate goal of his work was to make decisions on the basis that it would maximize happiness and minimize punishment.
Beccaria’s work on supreme utility was supported due to the age of enlightenment, which reflected principles of rational punishment that fit a certain crime.
For those hedonistic few that disregarded laws to seek pleasure, Beccecaria defends that they are innocent until proven guilty, but first, crimes and punishment has to be clear.
When it came to identifying crimes, Beccaria developed three general categories: crimes that threaten the existence of society, crimes that injure the security and property of individuals, and crimes that are disruptive of the public peace and tranquility (Martin et al., 1990).
The First Systematic Study of the Principles of Crime and Punishment Beccaria, [Cesare Bonesana, Marchese de].
An Essay on Crimes and Punishments, Translated from the Italian; With a Commentary Attributed to Mons.
Manheim (1960) stated the following: The existent criminal law of eighteenth-century Europe was, in general, repressive, uncertain and barbaric.
Its administration permitted and encouraged incredibly arbitrary and abusive practices. Many people were convicted of crimes on the slightest of evidence.
The agents of the criminal law, prosecutors and judges, were allowed tremendous latitude in dealing with persons accused and convicted of crime, and corruption was rampant throughout continental Europe. Several crimes carried with it the death penalty and were executed in public for everyone to see.
The gruesomeness of these executions became the normative throughout Europe.