citizens sacrifice their sons, and even if some of these sons returned, they were often poisoned with ''war sickness.'' Indeed, there are tiny wars going on throughout the novel.
His quest to understand takes him from a naive, innocent view of the world to one of increased knowledge and self-understanding.
The trilogy comprised of Bless Me, Ultima, Heart of Aztlan, and Tortuga has been acknowledged by Anaya as somewhat autobiographical in the sense that he uses the memories of his experiences as sources for his writings.
His mother was from the Puerto de Luna valley, where Billy the Kid, el Bilito, attended Mexican dances and wrestled in the streets with his Mexican-American friends.
Anaya uses dream sequences to highlight the inner conflicts that push Antonio to understand the world around him.
The dreams emphasize Antonio's acute intuitive sense, the conflictive understandings he has of the world around him, and his own deep fears.
The first epiphany occurs when Ultima opens Antonio's eyes to the beauty of the llano and the magic of the river valley.
For the first time, Antonio feels the pulse of the earth and the unity between it and the various life forms, and he dissolves himself "into one strange, complete being." The novel is written in a simple style that demonstrates the perceptive images of Anaya's understanding of the rural culture of Chicano/as in eastern New Mexico in the 1940s.
And how does María’s own childhood influence her current beliefs?
The role of cultural identity and the moral independence are significant in human life.