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This can lead to a high occurrence of low self-esteem and depression in such children (Braet, 1997).The three main causes of childhood obesity are dietary, sedentary lifestyle, and genetics.
Themes discovered included the concepts of parental and social influence, diet and activity.
Eleven papers were reviewed and are included in the findings supporting this literature review on childhood obesity.
Several focused on medical evaluation of childhood obesity and the identification of problems early in life (Barlow, Dietz, Klish, and Trowbridge, 2002), (Hampl and Summar, 2009), and (Harker and Saguil, 2009) conducted studies to show the relevance of early detection.
The benefits of physical activity and fitness as a preventive and corrective measure were recorded also in a few articles (Morrow and Ede, 2009), (Dwyer, Magnussen, Schmidt and Ukoumunne, 2009).
Researching and determining particular and specific causes for childhood obesity can help in educating and motivating children and parents towards behavior changes to correct and prevent childhood obesity.
Criteria for determining obesity in children rely on body mass index (BMI) in relation to overall weight, age, height and body structure.Of the county’s adults (18 ) 77% ate less than five servings of fruits and vegetables per day, this percentage is so high likely because of attitudes and habits these adults picked up when they were children.The second largest age demographic in the county is children aged 10 to 17 are overweight, six percent more than the state average, 88% of children age 10 to 17 are not meeting daily targets for fruit and vegetable consumption and 30% age 10 to 17 watch 3 or Childhood obesity is also an excellent predictor of adult health and is related to adult levels of blood pressure, insulin levels, and morbidity from coronary heart disease.Upon reviewing the community vitality data I came to the conclusion that the health problem that a health education program would be most appropriate to address would be childhood nutritional health and fitness.I came to this conclusion after careful data analysis.Peer pressure and social circles also create an epidemic of children overweight or obese.Intervention by parents, physicians and the educational system with support and nutrition with physical activity instruction can help create a culture of informed children.Pro Quest Medical Library was the primary search engine used; access provided by Florida Gulf Coast University with a search limited to a period of 10 years.Search phases used to retrieve appropriate articles included ‘childhood obesity’ and ‘childhood obesity in youth’ and childhood obesity and activity.’ Secondary sources were consulted including medical universities such as the Mayo Clinic was included for supplemental information.A study of the nutritional significance was researched (Moore, Pawloski, Goldberg and Mi Oh, 2009), as well as infant feeding and childhood obesity (Butte, 2009).Communication (Daniel, 2009) and neighborhood social circles were also a theme in the articles (Cecil-Karb and Grogan-Kaylor, 2009) and (Franzini, Elliott, Cuccaro, and Schuster, 2009).