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Davis and Moore claimed that their theory was applicable to all forms of society.Critics of the Davis-Moore viewpoint argued that it did not make much sense in non-competitive societies--for example feudalism, where all positions are distributed not by merit but by birth.
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Try it risk-free Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy.
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Each part of a society exists because it has a vital function to perform in maintaining the existence or stability of society as a whole; the existence of any part of a society is therefore explained when its function for the whole is identified.
In other words, the function of anything, which is assumed to be beneficial c.
On the issue of functional importance, Davis and Moore state: two factors...determine the relative rank of different positions.
In general those positions convey the best reward, and have the highest rank which (a) have the greatest importance for the society and (b) require the greatest training or talent.
And, more importantly what about those aspects of a class society that do not operate like merit systems? Scarcity of talent is not an adequate explanation of stratification.
There is in stratification systems artificial limits to the development of whatever potential skills there are in society.