For methods of minimizing the use of gendered forms, see Gender-neutral language. In linguistics, grammatical gender is a specific form of noun class system in which the division of noun classes forms an agreement system with another aspect of the language, such as adjectives, articles, pronouns, or verbs.This system is used in approximately one quarter of the world's languages.The parts of speech affected by gender agreement, the circumstances in which it occurs, and the way words are marked for gender vary between languages.Tags: The Scarlet Letter Essay QuestionWhat Does Photosythesis MeanEssay On Nature-Mother Of ColoursGone With The Wind Theme EssayExecutive Summary For A Business PlanHome Automation System Thesis
This article is about grammatical rules of agreement with nouns.
For uses of language associated with men and women, see Language and gender.
Most such languages usually have from two to four different genders, but some are attested with up to 20.
The division into genders usually correlates to some degree, at least for a certain set of nouns (such as those denoting humans), with some property or properties of the things that particular nouns denote.
For example, if the word dar (meaning wood or tree) is feminine, it means that it is a living tree (e.g.
dara sêvê means "apple tree"), but if it is masculine, it means that it is dead, no longer living (e.g. So if one wants to say a certain table is made of the wood from an apple tree, he or she can not use the word dar in a feminine gender, and if he or she wants to refer to the apple tree in his or her garden can not use dar with masculine gender.
This only occurs with feminine singular nouns: mab "son" remains unchanged.
Adjectives are affected by gender in a similar way.
In these languages, most or all nouns inherently carry one value of the grammatical category called gender; the values present in a given language (of which there are usually two or three) are called the genders of that language.
According to one definition: "Genders are classes of nouns reflected in the behaviour of associated words." Common gender divisions include masculine and feminine; masculine, feminine, and neuter; or animate and inanimate.