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Founded by the Romans, with many preserved historical areas, Lyon is the archetype of the heritage city, as recognised by UNESCO.Lyon is now a vibrant metropolis which starts to make the most out of its unique architectural, cultural and gastronomic heritage, its dynamic demographics and economy and its strategic location between Northern and Southern Europe. See the latest conditions with real-time map overlays, stay on course with off-route notifications, and download maps to your phone so you know where you are when there’s no data signal.
The traditional silk industry disappeared at the end of the century because of diseases affecting the French silk worms and the opening of the Suez Canal which reduced the price of imported silk from Asia.
Various other industries developed at that time; the most famous entrepreneurs of the late 19th century were the Lumière brothers, who invented cinema in Lyon in 1895.
The name "Lion" or "Lyon" appeared in the 13th century.
In the Renaissance, fiscal advantages and the organisation of numerous trade fairs attracted bankers from Florence and merchants from all over Europe; the city became more and more prosperous and experienced a second golden age.
In the early 19th century, the silk industry was still developing, notably thanks to Jacquard's loom which made the weaving work more efficient.
Social crises, however, occurred: in 1831, the first revolt of the canuts was harshly repressed.To the west is Fourvière, known as "the hill that prays", the location for the highly decorated basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, several convents, the palace of the Archbishop, the Metallic Tower (a highly visible TV tower, replicating the last stage of the Eiffel Tower) and a funicular (a railway on a steep hill).To the north is the Croix-Rousse, "the hill that works", traditionally home to many small silk workshops, an industry for which the city was once renowned.East of the Rhône from the Presqu'île is a large area of flat ground upon which sits much of modern Lyon and most of the city's population.North of this district is the relatively wealthy 6th arrondissement, which is home to the Parc de la Tête d'Or, one of Europe's largest urban parks, and Interpol's world headquarters on the park's western edge.Early traces of settlement date back to 12,000 BC but there is no evidence of continuous occupation prior to the Roman era.Lugdunum, the Roman name of the city, was officially founded in 43 BC by Lucius Munatius Plancus, then Governor of Gaul.The workers were protesting against the introduction of new technology, which was likely to cause unemployment.Other riots took place in 1834, 18, especially in the Croix-Rousse neighbourhood.The beauty of nature doesn’t need to be hard to find. Whether at home or on the road, find your perfect hike, bike ride, or trail run. See all the features As a proud member of 1% for the Planet, we give 1% of our annual sales to nonprofit organizations focusing on protecting the wild places we cherish and creating positive change for a healthier planet.Our goal is simple - build the largest collection of hand-curated trail guides, so you can explore the outdoors with confidence.