A focused literature review generally will describe the implications of choosing a particular element of past research, such as methodology in terms of data collection, analysis and interpretation.
Examples of a Focused Review: Critiques past research and draws overall conclusions from the body of literature at a specified point in time.
Examples of an Empirical Review: Unlike a synoptic literature review, the purpose here is to provide a broad approach to the topic area.
The aim is breadth rather than depth and to get a general feel for the size of the topic area.
Definitions may be similar across the disciplines, with new types and definitions continuing to emerge.
Generally speaking, a literature review is a: As a foundation for knowledge advancement in every discipline, it is an important element of any research project.
May require the author to adopt a guiding theory, a set of competing models, or a point of view about a topic.
For more description of integrative reviews, see Whittemore & Knafl (2005).
At the graduate or doctoral level, the literature review is an essential feature of thesis and dissertation, as well as grant proposal writing.
That is to say, “A substantive, thorough, sophisticated literature review is a precondition for doing substantive, thorough, sophisticated research…A researcher cannot perform significant research without first understanding the literature in the field.” (Boote & Beile, 2005, p. It is by this means, that a researcher demonstrates familiarity with a body of knowledge and thereby establishes credibility with a reader.