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The removal of the Cherokee Nation from the state of Georgia started under Jackson and outlasted his term in office.The forcible removal, known as the Trail of Tears, took place in 1838.
The Choctaw Indians in 1831 were the first who were relocated and they became a perfect model for the successful relocations.
The Seminole followed the Choctaw in 1832, then the Creek in the year 1834, the Chickasaw Indians in the year 1837, and lastly the Cherokee Indians in 1838.
These tribes constituted the majority of more than 60,000 Indians driven out of their land and they were distinguished from other Indian populations due to their leadership forms and organization. government could not recognize them to be civilized enough to be their neighbors necessitating their forceful relocation.
They had functional social systems based on property ownership, government offices and established schools much like in Europe (Perdue, 2008). The Trail of Tears created a period of immeasurable misery and despair among the Indians who were being relocated against their wishes.
Students use maps, excerpt of a Presidential speech, oral testimony, and a painting to examine the political reasoning behind the Indian Removal Act as well as the public portrayal and personal impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee nation Overview: In 1830 Congress, urged on by President Andrew Jackson, passed the Indian Removal Act which gave the federal government the power to relocate any Native Americans in the east to territory that was west of the Mississippi River. Objectives: Students will compare official documentation of Cherokee land holdings before colonization through the mid 19th century to determine the impact of European settlement on the Cherokee people.
Though the Native Americans were to be compensated, this was not always done fairly and in some cases led to the further destruction of many of the already diminishing numbers of many of the eastern tribes. In 1828, not only did whites for settlement purposes desire their land, but gold was discovered. The Court decided in favor of the Cherokee, however, the President and Congress forced the Native Americans to give up their land. This event, known to the Cherokee as “The Trail Where They Cried”, is better known as the Trail of Tears in U. Students will explore oral histories and visual evidence to determine the impact of the Trail of Tears on the Cherokee Culture.
As a result, by 1837, it is estimated that more than 46,000 Native Indians from these southern states had forcefully been relocated from their homelands thus opening about 25 million acres for mainly white settlement (Perdue, 2008). had escaped the oppression in Europe and they were obsessed with their new freedoms in America that they easily trampled on the freedom and rights of the Indians.
In conclusion, the Trail of Tears is a perfect expression of the U. government’s act of inhumanity towards the Indians. The Trail of Tears resulted in a devastating effect for the Indians who were forced to walk over 1,000 miles to Oklahoma in a trip where they walked without shoes or enough clothing (Perdue, 2008). must never forget these shameful and sad moments in its long history with the hope that the country learns from the past, in order to prevent the occurrence of other atrocities similar to the Trail of Tears.
In order to relocate the Indian tribes swiftly and effectively, the Indians tribes were prearranged into wretched and miserable traveling caravans.
During the trail, the Indians passed through horrible living conditions that were unbearable, for instance, the Indians slept in the mud, lacked shelter and enough food.