Motivation In Business Essay

Accordingly, the natural management system assumes that employees prefer autonomy and responsibility on the job and dislike arbitrary rules and overwhelming supervision.An individual's motivation to complete a task is increased when this task is autonomous.

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When the motivation to complete a task comes from an "external pressure" that pressure then "undermines" a person's motivation, and as a result decreases a persons desire to complete the task.

The idea that human beings are rational and human behaviour is guided by reason is an old one.

For instance, the straight piecework system pays employees based on each unit of their output.

Based on studies such as the Bank Wiring Observation Room, using a piece rate incentive system does not lead to higher production.

The second type of needs deals with reputation, status, recognition, and respect from colleagues. The highest order of needs is for self-fulfillment, including recognition of one's full potential, areas for self-improvement, and the opportunity for creativity.

This differs from the rational system, which assumes that people prefer routine and security to creativity.

Employees actually set upper limits on each person's daily output.

These actions stand “in direct opposition to the ideas underlying their system of financial incentive, which countenanced no upper limit to performance other than physical capacity.” Therefore, as opposed to the rational system that depends on economic rewards and punishments, the natural system of management assumes that humans are also motivated by non-economic factors.

Activated "seeking" behaviour, such as loco-motor activity, is influenced by dopaminergic drugs, and microdialysis experiments reveal that dopamine is released during the anticipation of a reward.

The "wanting behaviour" associated with a rewarding stimulus can be increased by microinjections of dopamine and dopaminergic drugs in the dorsorostral nucleus accumbens and posterior ventral palladum.

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