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Polish National Anthem (Dąbrowski’s Mazurka) is a lively folk dance with patriotic words written shortly after the country lost its independence in a series of partitions by Austria, Russia, Prussia (1772, 1791, 1795).
The album is in the collection of the National Museum in Wroclaw.
This version (and the Kossak pictures) are taken from 19th-century postcards in the .
Skrzynecki introduces his frustration as “it was to have been a pilgrim’s journey.
You prayed for strong winds and fair weather, a current to bear you within the sight of landfall”.
Half a year later, the Directory of the Ministry of Interior Affairs (26 February 1927) officialy approved the anthem’s text; on 2 April 1927 the Ministry of Religious Faith and the Public Enlightenment approved the piano arrangement of the Mazurka and published the score.
The title of the anthem was listed the first time in the Constitution of the Polish People’s Republic in 1976: the Sejm approved the official text and music of the anthem in 1980.The patriotic song was banned by the Tsarist and Prussian governments in 1815 (after the defeat of Napoleon) and again in 1860.Yet it lived on in numerous variants, sung durimg the uprisings against the Russians (the November 1830, the January 1863), as well as during the 1848 Spring of the Nations.After the failure of the final effort to save Poland during the Kościuszko Insurection in 1794, Poles scattered around Europe, with many emigrating to France to join the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte, with the hope that the valiant dictator would reestablish Poland as an independent state.It is because of this connection that the current national anthem of Poland still contains a reference to Bonaparte and speaks of marching from Italy to Poland, under the leadership of general Jan Dabrowski.Poland is not yet lost while we live We will fight (with swords) for all/ That our enemies had taken from us. from Italy to Poland Under your command we will reunite with the nation.We will cross the Vistula and Warta Rivers,/ we will be Poles,/ Bonaparte showed us/ how to win. Like Czarniecki to Poznan, after Swedish annexation, We will come back across the sea to save our motherland Refrain: March, march…In many war-time versions “Dąbrowski” was replaced by names of various generals or military leaders such as Chłopicki or Skrzynecki (leaders of 1830), Langiewicz or Czachowski (leaders of 1863).Piłsudski (leader of the Polish Legions of 1914) or Sikorski (the Commander of the Polish Army in Scotland during World War II, Piłsudski’s main adversary and competitor).He explores this problem through the use of religious themes, sociological issues, and inner thoughts and feelings as well as a range of metaphors Skryznecki introduces the physical sense of insomnia as being “Of salt in your mouth - sticky, like rubber half melted’ by olfactory and gustatory imagery. Skryznecki reinforces this tone “In the darkness” and then describes “Of Blankets your fingers grow numb, open Bibles and throw fish scraps to appease the scavenger birds” through the use of a metaphor as the “scavengers” for his sleep loss.Now that the scavengers are “announcing dawn” it is already too late and the struggle to sleep is lost” “Hand scoop hollows into the mattress - look for warm sand and the incoming tide” is an extended metaphor of the sea with the use of “incoming tide” as the rhythmic, soothing nature of sleep, which has “scoop hollow in the mattress” as the frustration of his unyielding desire.