Prejudice And Discrimination Essay

In the Robber's Cave experiment, negative prejudice and hostility was created between two summer camps after sports competitions for small prizes.The hostility was lessened after the two competing camps were forced to cooperate on tasks to achieve a common goal.He described authoritarians as "rigid thinkers who obeyed authority, saw the world as black and white, and enforced strict adherence to social rules and hierarchies".

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Students at each school were shown videos of other students from each school choosing a type of music to listen to for an auditory perception study.

Then the participants were asked to guess what percentage of the videotaped students' classmates would choose the same.

Symbolic threats arise from a perceived difference in cultural values between groups or a perceived imbalance of power (for example, an ingroup perceiving an outgroup's religion as incompatible with theirs).

Intergroup anxiety is a feeling of uneasiness experienced in the presence of an outgroup or outgroup member, which constitutes a threat because interactions with other groups cause negative feelings (e.g., a threat to comfortable interactions).

ITT differs from other threat theories by including intergroup anxiety and negative stereotypes as threat types.

Additionally, social dominance theory states that society can be viewed as group-based hierarchies.These studies, along with other research, led many psychologists to view prejudice as a natural response to inferior races.In the 1930s and 1940s, this perspective began to change due to the increasing concern about anti-Semitism due to the ideology of the Nazis.Another contemporary theory is the integrated threat theory (ITT), which was developed by Walter G Stephan.It also uses the social identity theory perspective as the basis for its validity; that is, it assumes that individuals operate in a group-based context where group memberships form a part of individual identity.ITT posits that outgroup prejudice and discrimination is caused when individuals perceive an outgroup to be threatening in some way.ITT defines four threats: Realistic threats are tangible, such as competition for a natural resource or a threat to income.The out-group homogeneity effect is the perception that members of an out-group are more similar (homogenous) than members of the in-group.Social psychologists Quattrone and Jones conducted a study demonstrating this with students from the rival schools Princeton University and Rutgers University.In competition for scarce resources such as housing or employment, dominant groups create prejudiced "legitimizing myths" to provide moral and intellectual justification for their dominant position over other groups and validate their claim over the limited resources.This can occur in someone who is a prejudice victim, being the target of someone else's prejudice, or when people have prejudice against themselves that causes their own depression.


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