Review Of Literature On Stress

Review Of Literature On Stress-19
The students reported that their sources of stress were: 1) exams, 49%; 2) choosing a career, 12.83%; 3) family problems, 9.54%; 4) economic difficulties, 11.86%; 5) problems with boyfriend/girlfriend, 4.93%; 6) having a relative or a friend with an illness, 4.28%; 7) personal health problems, 3.62%; 8) homework, 3.29%; 9) teachers, 2.96%; and 10) other, 1.97 %.

The students reported that their sources of stress were: 1) exams, 49%; 2) choosing a career, 12.83%; 3) family problems, 9.54%; 4) economic difficulties, 11.86%; 5) problems with boyfriend/girlfriend, 4.93%; 6) having a relative or a friend with an illness, 4.28%; 7) personal health problems, 3.62%; 8) homework, 3.29%; 9) teachers, 2.96%; and 10) other, 1.97 %.

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The rest of the scales, including Health Habits, Exercise, Rest/Sleep, Diet/Nutrition, Prevention, Social Support, Cognitive Strength, Positive Appraisal, Threat Minimization, Problem Focus, and Psychological Well-being, can be interpreted directly.

The Stress Profile was developed and normalized for the general population, and which was adapted and translated into Spanish.

The sample was 335 high school students between the ages of 15 and 19 years at ENMS in Guanajuato, Mexico.

Necessary permissions were obtained from the high school (ENMS Salamanca), and the study was carried out in accordance with the ethical principles of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association) . When recruited, participants were informed that all data collected would be confidential, but that they could access their own results if they desired.

The main responses to stress were: 1) listening to music, 2) talking about the problem with a friend, 3) physical exercise, 4) going out with friends, 5) talking to a relative, 6) sleeping more than usual, 7) watching TV, 8) eating more than usual, 9) smoking, and 10) drinking some alcohol.

The first three responses were the same for men and women, listening to music, talking about the problem with a friend, and exercising.

The mean T score on the Stress Profile Scale for this sample of students was 43.06 (SD = 9.39), which is within normal limits (T score = 40 to T score = 60).

Specifically, 58% percent of the students were within normal limits, 39% reported lower than average stress, and only 3% indicated high stress.

These data indicate that the students in our sample are well protected against stress, because most of them reported normal stress levels, the T score for the Prevention subscale was above 60, and no risk factors were observed.

However, there are some significant differences between men and women, as indicated in Table 1. As we can see, men scored higher than women on the Health Habits Scale (Mann–Whitney U Test for two independent samples, p = 0.006), indicating that the men in our sample reported better health habits than did the women.

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