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In 1978, while still in prison, Aquino founded his political party, Lakas ng Bayan (abbreviated "LABAN"; English: People's Power), to run for office in the Interim Batasang Pambansa (Parliament).All LABAN candidates lost, primarily to candidates of Marcos's party, amid allegations of election fraud.An official government investigation ordered by Marcos shortly after the assassination led to murder charges against 25 military personnel and one civilian; all were acquitted by the Sandiganbayan (special court).
The bullet had entered through Lincoln's left ear and lodged behind his right eye. He was carried across Tenth Street, to a boarding-house opposite the theater, but the doctors' best efforts failed. Seward lay in bed, recovering from a carriage accident.Doctors determined he needed coronary artery bypass surgery; however, no surgeon wanted to perform the operation out of fear of controversy, and Aquino refused to undergo the procedure in the Philippines out of fear of sabotage by Marcos, indicating he would either go to the United States to undergo the procedure or die in his prison cell.On May 8, 1980, First Lady Imelda Marcos arranged for Aquino and his family to leave for the U. He underwent the coronary bypass surgery in Dallas, Texas and met with Muslim leaders in Damascus, Syria, before settling with his family in Newton, Massachusetts.The tribunal lasted several years, all while Aquino was still imprisoned, and on November 25, 1977, he was convicted on all charges and sentenced to death.However, Aquino and others believed that Marcos would not allow him to be executed, as Aquino had gained a great deal of support while imprisoned, and such a fate would surely make him a martyr for his supporters.Since their conviction, one of the convicts was pardoned, three died in prison, and the remainder had their sentences commuted at various times; the last convicts were released from prison in 2009. On September 23, 1972, Marcos declared martial law and ordered Aquino and others arrested and imprisoned on trumped up charges of murder and subversion.Aquino went on a hunger strike to protest the injustice of his military tribunal but ended the strike after 40 days.Although Marcos was officially declared the winner of the election, widespread allegations of fraud and illegal tampering on Marcos's behalf are credited with sparking the People Power Revolution, which resulted in Marcos fleeing the country and conceding the presidency to Corazon Aquino.Although many, including the Aquino family, maintain that Marcos ordered Aquino's assassination, this was never definitively proven.However, a metal surgical collar saved Seward from certain death.The secretary lived another seven years, during which he retained his seat with the Johnson administration, and purchased Alaska from Russia in 1867.