In 1984, the “Missing Link Report’’ pointed to the fact that the lack of telecommunication infrastructure in developing countries impedes economic growth, but with a scope limited to access to telephones rather than today’s wider concept of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) access and usage.
In 1984, the “Missing Link Report’’ pointed to the fact that the lack of telecommunication infrastructure in developing countries impedes economic growth, but with a scope limited to access to telephones rather than today’s wider concept of Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) access and usage.In 1996, the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) initiated a United Nations project for the “Right to Communicate’’ aimed at providing access to basic ICTs for all, with motivation to reduce information poverty for developing countries. Murch, “Multiuser OFDM with Adaptive Subcarrier, Bit, and Power Allocation,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol.Tags: Why Is Shooting An Elephant Classified As A Reflective EssayUni Essay Writing GuidesThesis On Typography Julien ValleeStereotypes Essay IntroductionFriendship Definition EssayPre K Writing PaperDissertation Objectives
However it can easily be explained that economics and existing technologies are the main drivers (and barriers in developing countries) to ICTs.
in the first case because, any entrepreneur in this new business, operators and service providers will naturally inclined to first serve the most populated areas (i.e.
Thus, during the first World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) held in Geneva in December 2003, the ‘Digital Divide’ was defined as the unequal access to ICT.
Although this unequal access usually apply to differences between countries (the international digital divide) e.g.
Zhu, “Interference Management for Smart Grid Communication under Cognitive Wireless Network,” Proceedings of IEEE Third International Conference on Smart Grid Communications (Smart Grid Comm), Tainan, 5-8 November 2012, pp.
Zangi, “LTE-Advanced-Evolving LTE towards IMT-Advanced,” Proceedings of IEEE 68th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2008-Fall), Calgary, 21-24 September 2008, pp.
dense, rich cities and suburbs) where most of the potential customers are located instead of less populated areas such as remote and rural areas.
In the same way, while developed countries and urban areas are requiring higher and higher bit rates for multimedia applications, rural areas in developing countries are still at first favoring voice communication with a slow evolution towards ICTs.
The idea that access to information opens doors to wider economic and social development opportunities is not new.